AUDIOLOGICAL FINDINGS IN IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA
Dr. Ahmet ATAŞ *, Dr. Soner ÖZKAN *, Dr. İ. Osman ÖZCEBE **, Dr. Oğuz ÖĞRETMENOĞLU***
*Hacettepe Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi KBB ve Baş Boyun Cerrahisi Anabilim Dalı, Odyoloji ve Konuşma Bozuklukları Ünitesi, ANKARA
**Hacettepe Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, İç Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, Hematoloji Ünitesi, ANKARA
*** Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, KBB ve Baş Boyun Cerrahisi Anabilim Dalı, ANKARA
Iron is required by living organism to supply and store the need of oxygen. Lack of iron can cause various effects in histological level of body because of deficiency of oxygen and nutrition. Audiological system was detected to find any effect on 40 iron deficient patients who were 20-40 years old (Mean:33.93 years), before and after one month of treatment in our clinic with audiologic tests. 20 subjects who were 20-37 years old (Mean: 29-2 years) and normal, were also evaluated and the results were compared with iron deficient patients. As a result of our study, the differences in hearing thresholds of normal and iron deficient patients (before treatment) were found statistically significant in ali freguencies (p<0.05). The differences in hearing thresholds of normal and iron deficient patients were not found significant (p>0.05) in low frequencies (!25-250Hz) after treatment but the differences were found significant (p<0.05) in 500-18000 Hz. The differences were not found significant (p>0.05) in speech discrimination tests, middle ear pressures and acoustic reflex tresholds. The differences in static inıpedances were found significant (p<0.05) before and after treatment in iron deficient patients. In these patients, the static impedance decreased significantly after treatment (p<0.05). When compared with the control group, the iron deficient patients before and after the treatment showed a significant increase in value of static impedance (p<0.05). Complaints of fullness, tinnitus and tolerance problem in ears were decreased after treatment in iron deficient patients.
Keywords: Anemi, Iron Defıciency, Hearing Loss, Tinnitus
K.B.B. ve Baş Boyun Cerrahisi Dergisi, 2000, 8(3): 163-171