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ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Assessment of Readability of Commonly Used Inventories for Vertigo and Tinnitus
Vertigo ve Tinnitus İçin Yaygın Kullanılan Envanterlerin Okunabilirliklerinin Değerlendirilmesi
Received Date : 23 Oct 2019
Accepted Date : 27 Nov 2019
Available Online : 20 Jul 2020
Doi: 10.24179/kbbbbc.2019-71990 - Makale Dili: TR
KBB ve BBC Dergisi. 2020;28(2):92-7
Copyright © 2020 by Turkey Association of Society of Ear Nose Throat and Head Neck Surgery. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
ABSTRACT
Objective: We aimed to examine the average levels of education and difficulty required to read and understand the commonly used patient-reported inventories (PRI) in patients with vertigo and tinnitus. Material and Methods: A total of nine inventories, namely Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), Vertigo Dizziness Imbalance Questionnaire- Symptom Scale (VDI-SS), VDI-Health Related Quality of Life (VDI-HRQoL), Meniere Disease Disability Scale of Dokuz Eylül University for vertigo; Tinnitus Handicap Questionnaire (THQ), Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), Tinnitus Severity Index (TSI), Health related quality of life (HRQoL) for tinnitus and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) for both, were analyzed with Ateşman and Çetinkaya- Uzun formulations developed for Turkish language. The difficulty levels and the average education levels required for reading and understanding were determined for each inventory. Results: Average levels of education required for understanding DHI, VDI-SS, DEUMDDS, THQ, THI and TSI inventories were 8-9th grade according to Çetinkaya-Uzun formulation, and 5-6-7th for HRQoL and BDI. Difficulty levels corresponding to the Ateşman formula; they were tested as moderate for DHI, very easy for HRQoL and BDI, and easy for others. Conclusion: The readability levels of the inventories used for vertigo and tinnitus were higher than the recommended reading level for the health field. We think that in similar assessments with PRIs, the level of education of patients should be taken into account in the analysis and, where necessary, considered as an exclusion criterion.
ÖZET
Amaç: Vertigo ve tinnitus hastalarında sık kullanılan hasta bildirimli envanterlerinin (HBE) hastalar tarafından okunup anlaşılabilmesi için gerekli olan ortalama eğitim ve zorluk seviyelerini incelemeyi amaçladık. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Vertigo için; Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), Vertigo Dizziness Imbalance Questionnaire- Symptom Scale (VDI-SS), VDI-Health Related Quality of Life (VDI-HRQoL), Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Meniere Hastalığı Engellilik Skalası (DEUMDDS), tinnitus için; Tinnitus Handicap Questionnaire (THQ), Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), Tinnitus Severity Index (TSI), Yaşam Kalitesi Skalası (HRQoL) ve her ikisi için sık kullanılan Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) olmak üzere toplam 9 adet envanterin, Türkçe için geliştirilmiş Ateşman ve Çetinkaya-Uzun formülasyonları ile okunabilirlik analizleri yapıldı. Her envanter için zorluk seviyeleri ve okunup anlaşılması için gerekli olan ortalama eğitim seviyeleri tesbit edildi. Bulgular: DHI, VDI-SS, DEU-MDDS, THQ, THI, ve TSI envanterlerinin anlaşılabilmesi için gereken ortalama eğitim seviyeleri Çetinkaya- Uzun formülasyonuna göre 8-9.sınıf, HRQoL ve BDI için ise 5-6-7. sınıf olarak ortaya çıktı. Ateşman formülüne karşılık gelen zorluk dereceleri ise; DHI için orta güçlükte, HRQoL ve BDI için çok kolay, diğerleri ise kolay olarak test edildi. Sonuç: Vertigo ve tinnitus için kullanılan envanterlerin okunabilirlik seviyeleri sağlık alanı için önerilen okuma seviyesinden yüksek çıkmıştır. HBE’ler ile yapılacak olan benzer değerlendirmelerde hastaların eğitim düzeyinin analizlerde hesaba katılması ve gerekli durumlarda bir dışlama kriteri olarak kabul edilmesi gerektiğini düşünüyoruz.
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