ISSN: 1300 - 6525 E-ISSN: 2149 - 0880
kulak burun boğaz
ve baş boyun cerrahisi dergisi
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ORIGINAL RESEARCH

STAI Test for Evaluating the Effect of Showing Surgery Videos in the Preoperative Period on the Anxiety Levels of Parents of Children Undergoing Adenoidectomy or Adenotonsillectomy
Ameliyat Öncesi Dönemde Ameliyat Videolarının Gösterilmesinin Adenoidektomi veya Adenotonsillektomi Olan Çocukların Ebeveynlerinin Kaygı Düzeyleri Üzerindeki Etkisinin STAI Testi ile Değerlendirilmesi
Received Date : 20 Feb 2020
Accepted Date : 10 Apr 2020
Available Online : 21 Apr 2020
Doi: 10.24179/kbbbbc.2020-74119 - Makale Dili: EN
KBB ve BBC Dergisi. 2020;28(2):131-40
Copyright © 2020 by Turkey Association of Society of Ear Nose Throat and Head Neck Surgery. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
ABSTRACT
Objective: This study aims to evaluate the effects of visual education on the anxiety levels of parents of children who will undergo adenoidectomy or adenotonsillectomy by showing the video of the same surgical procedure performed by the same surgeon and subsequently we aimed to determine the factors affecting the anxiety levels. Material and Methods: Children (aged 2-12 years) who were planned to undergo adenoidectomy or adenotonsillectomy procedure under general anesthesia in the otorhinolaryngology operating room and their parents (aged 26-45 years) have been included in our study. The questionnaire of Spielberger State Anxiety Scale used for measuring the situational anxiety of subjects has been provided separately to the mothers and fathers. Results: When anxiety levels between Questionnaire 1 filled in the preoperative period following verbal and written briefing, Questionnaire 2 filled after the surgery video had been shown to the parents and Questionnaire 3 which was filled after surgery, were evaluated a statistically significant decrease in the anxiety levels was noted (p<0.001). When the scores of mothers and fathers for Questionnaire 1 (p<0.001) and Questionnaire 2 (p=0.032) were compared, the anxiety scores of mothers were found to be statistically significantly higher than those of fathers but when the scores of Questionnaire 3 were compared, mothers had a higher score however the difference did not reach statistical significance (p=0.118). Conclusion: In our study, we have demonstrated that showing videos of the surgical process in the preoperative period may help to decrease the level of anxiety of parents. Together with the technological advances in the future, more impressive videos and presentations would come into use which may provide newer data to be used in comparative studies.
ÖZET
Amaç: Bu çalışma, aynı cerrahın uyguladığı aynı cerrahi prosedürün videosunu göstererek görsel eğitimin adenoidektomi veya adenotonsillektomi geçirecek çocukların ebeveynlerinin kaygı düzeyleri üzerindeki etkilerini değerlendirmeyi ve ayrıca kaygı düzeylerini etkileyen faktörleri belirlemeyi amaçlar. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Ameliyathanenin kulak burun boğaz masasında, genel anestezi altında adenoidektomi veya adenotonsillektomi işlemi yapılması planlanan çocuklar (2-12 yaş arası) ve ebeveynleri (26-45 yaş arası) çalışmaya dahil edildi. Deneklerin durumsal kaygılarını ölçmek için kullanılan Spielberger Durumluk Kaygı Ölçeği anketi, anne ve babalara ayrı ayrı verilmiştir. Bulgular: Preoperatif dönemde sözel ve yazılı bilgilendirme sonrası doldurulan Anket 1, ameliyat videosu izletildikten sonra doldurulan Anket 2 ve ameliyat sonrası doldurulan Anket 3 formundaki anksiyete düzeyleri karşılaştırıldığında hem anne hem de babalarda istatistiksel olarak anlamlı düşme saptandı (p<0.001). Anne ve babaların Anket 1 skorları karşılaştırıldığında (p<0.001) ve Anket 2 skorları karşılaştırıldığında (p=0.032) annelerin anksiyete skorları babalara göre istatistiksel olarak daha yüksek saptandı, Anket 3 puanları karşılaştırıldığında, anneler daha yüksek puan almış ancak aradaki fark istatistiksel anlamlılığa ulaşmamıştır (p=0.118). Sonuç: Biz bu çalışmada ameliyat öncesi ebeveynlere ameliyat videosu izletmenin onların anksiyete düzeylerini azaltmaya yardımcı olabileceğini gösterdik. Bilimdeki ilerlemeyle daha güçlü olabilecek video veya sunumların gelecekte daha fazla kullanılması ile yapılacak karşılaştırmalı çalışmalar yeni veriler sunacaktır.
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